Ergonomics, or “human factors”, is the science of designing equipment, the workplace and even job to fit the worker. This principle can be broken down into three areas.
Physical ergonomics is concerned with the way the body interacts with the worker’s tools (anything from shovels to chairs to personal computers) and their effects on the body such as posture, musculoskeletal disorders, repetitive disorders, workplace layout and workplace health and safety. A way to prevent these problems are by doing head rolls; gently lower ear to shoulder and hold for 10 seconds. Repeat on the other side. Do this several times. Remember to do this gently and do not jerk your neck. You can also do shoulder stretches; stretch arm above head, cradle elbow with hand and pull elbow behind the head. Hold for 10 seconds and repeat.
Cognitive Ergonomics relates to the way the mind processes information it is presented with and associated motor functions, memory usage, decision-making and other mental workloads. Study of these factors and the interaction between humans and the data presentation can improve everything from the placement of signs, the visibility and recognition and retention of the data and areas such as Human Computer Interaction (HCI) to improve everything from operating systems to websites. A way to give your eyes a break in order to refresh computer work efficiency is by doing eye stretches. Every 20 minutes working at the screen, look out the window at a distant object for 10 seconds.
Organizational Ergonomics is concerned with optimizing the workplace, everything from teamwork to assessing teleworking and quality management. Think about addressing communication, office design, shift (work hours) management, crew resource management, teamwork, virtual organizations, telework, and quality management in the workplace.
We encourage daily exercises as a preventative measure before any serious issues are formed.